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The Project Management Professional examination or PMP test is a challenging and comprehensive assessment for men and women looking to enter this exciting and rapidly growing field of management. The exam is developed by the Project Management Institute in consultation with an expert team of test administrators.
The PMP test consists of 200 questions and usually requires about four hours to complete. Twenty-five of the questions on the exam are pretest questions, which are used to develop future versions of the exam. It is impossible to identify these items.
The content on the PMP test is drawn from six domains: initiation (11 percent of the exam); planning (23 percent); executing (27 percent); monitoring and controlling (21 percent); closing (9 percent); and professional and social responsibility (9 percent).
The exam is administered via computer, and test scores are available immediately upon completion. An unofficial score report is made available 10 business days after the examination.
The PMP test score report contains a pass/fail verdict, based on the number of questions answered correctly, and an indication of proficiency level in each chapter. There are three possible proficiency levels: proficient, moderately proficient, and below proficient, with proficiency indicating the candidate's performance is better than average for that particular section. The passing score in each chapter is determined by the difficulty of the PMP test version.
1. Effective project managers typically share three characteristics:
a. Knowledge, performance, and strong personal effectiveness
b. Risk taking, flexibility, and team leadership
c. Knowledge, strong management skills, and organization.
d. Leadership skills, cost effectiveness, and organization
2. Cost benefit analysis and selection criteria are:
a. Part of an organization’s internal processes
b. Decision-making techniques
c. Project selection methods
d. Procedures that need approval
3. When is a project officially authorized?
a. When all the stakeholders have been identified
b. When the project budget has been approved
c. When customer needs and expectations have been documented
d. When the project charter has been approved
4. Project initiating processes should begin:
a. In the initiating process stage only
b. During the planning stage of the project
c. During the execution stage of the project
d. At the beginning of each phase
5. Project approval and funding are handled:
a. When the project team documents the project charter
b. By the major stakeholders
c. External to the project boundaries
d. At each stage of the project processes
1. A: When project managers combine their educational background and training with strong project accomplishments and personal traits, they usually succeed in their work. Project managers must select the right tools and techniques and management styles to fit each individual project.
2. C: Project managers meet with their clients and subject matter experts before they begin a new project in order to pair the best project methods to individual clients. Two examples of project selection methods are cost benefit analysis and selection criteria. Successful managers need to know the needs, expectations, business environment and internal goals of their client. They combine that with a personal knowledge of past projects, presentation techniques, and approval procedures.
3. D: New projects are defined in the initiating process group at the beginning of a project or process. During the initiating process period the project charter is determined by the initiator or sponsor of the project. The project charter is a formal document that gives the project manager the power to use the resources necessary to fulfill the project. Large projects may be separated into smaller phases to ensure the success of the project.
4. D: The project charter should be reviewed at the beginning of each phase of a project to ensure the project remains centered on the client’s business need and objectives. When project team members and stakeholders are involved in all initiation processes, the project deliverables tend to be more successful and the clients more satisfied. Involved stakeholders are able to make informed decisions about the continuance and direction in all stages of a project.
5. C: Project approval and funding are not involved in the internal processes of the project. However, initial finances and funding are allocated in the beginning process stages so the project manager and other stakeholders can plan and begin the new project process. The project manager oversees the documentation of the project process, which includes the project scope, project outcomes, project timing, and a prediction of the financial resources needed from the organization.