The CSP exam, formally known as the Certified Safety Professional exam, is a challenging and comprehensive assessment for men and women looking to enter this rewarding and fast-paced field of safety management. Those who pass this examination are considered to have achieved the top credential in the field.
The exam is developed by the Board of Certified Safety Professionals in consultation with an expert team of test administrators. The content of the CSP exam in Safety Fundamentals is divided into four domains: recognizing safety, health, and environmental hazards (35.4 percent of the exam); measuring, evaluating, and controlling safety, health, and environmental hazards (30.9 percent); safety, health, and environmental training and management (20.6 percent); and business principles, practices, and metrics in safety, health, and environmental practice (13.1 percent).
Each domain covers a number of specific topics. For instance, the first domain covers biological, chemical, electrical, natural, radiation, structural, and mechanical hazards, as well as hazards related to fires, explosions, human factors, and ergonomics. The second domain addresses measurement and monitoring, engineering controls, administrative controls, and personal protective equipment. The third domain addresses training and communication methods; management processes; inspections and auditing; group dynamics; project management; risk management; and safety, health, and environmental management systems. The fourth and final domain of the CSP exam covers basic financial principles, probability and statistics, and performance metrics and indicators.
The Comprehensive Practice examination of the CSP test has three domains: collecting safety, health, environmental, and security risk information (28.6 percent of the exam); assessing safety, health, environmental, and security risk (36.6 percent); and managing safety, health, environmental, and security risk (34.8 percent).
Between 10 and 15 percent of the items on the CSP exam are pretest questions, which are used to develop future versions of the exam. Pretest questions, which are impossible to identify, do not contribute to the final score.
1. According to Heinrich’s pyramid theory, for every major accident, how many minor injuries and near-miss incidents will occur?
a. 29 minor injuries and 300 near-miss incidents
b. 9 minor injuries and 30 near-miss incidents
c. 19 minor injuries and 300 near-miss incidents
d. 29 minor injuries and 350 near-miss incidents
2. According to Haddon’s Energy Theory, what element of energy is related to the kind and severity of injuries?
a. The amount of energy
b. The means of energy transfer
c. The rate of energy transfer
d. All of the above
3. The purpose of a Job Safety Analysis is to:
a. Develop a training program for new employees
b. Describe how to perform a job safely and correctly
c. Identify employees’ risk-taking behavior
d. Analyze normal, routine operations only
4. When should risk identification occur?
a. Whenever a process changes
b. Whenever a new employee is trained
c. On a regular, scheduled basis
5. To determine a risk score, Fine’s risk assessment and management approach is based on multiplying?
a. Consequences x Exposure
b. Consequences x Probability
c. Exposure x Probability
d. Consequences x Probability x Exposure
1. A: Heinrich’s pyramid theory states that for every major accident, there are 29 minor accidents and 300 near-miss incidents. According to this theory, safety managers should focus on preventing less serious events in order to prevent more serious events.
2. D: All of these factors affect the kind and severity of injuries. Losses can be prevented or reduced by strategies like reducing the production of energy, reducing the amount of energy marshaled, preventing the release of energy, and modifying the rate at which energy is released.
3. B: The primary purpose of a Job Safety Analysis is to describe how to perform a job safely and correctly. The analysis can be used to develop training programs, user manuals, and operations manuals. It should analyze both normal operations and unusual activities and conditions.
4. D: Risk analysis should occur continuously because risk changes over time. The goal is to identify hazards and determine what components contribute to injury or illness.
5. D: Fine’s formula is R=C x E x P, where C is the consequences, E is exposure, and P is probability. Fine developed a classification rating table to provide values for each category. The resulting risk score can then be used to develop a cost justification value with the formula J=R/(CF x DC), where CF is a cost factor and DC is a degree of correction.