The Praxis Core exams (officially the Praxis Core Academic Skills for Educators Tests) are a set of three comprehensive and challenging assessment exams for men and women who wish to become teachers. These examinations focus on basic skills in reading, writing, and mathematics. Numerous colleges and universities administer these exams as a condition for admission into teacher education programs, and many state education agencies require these exams for licensure.
There are three individual exams that make up the entire Praxis Core test battery: reading, mathematics, and writing. The Praxis Core Reading exam and the Praxis Core Mathematics exam both contain 56 questions which must be answered in 85 minutes. On the reading test, all questions are selected response.
The Praxis Core Math exam features 56 questions and test takers have 85 minutes to answer them. Questions are in both selected response and numeric entry formats, and an onscreen calculator will be made available. Thirty percent of the questions will be on Number and Quantity; 30% will be on Algebra and Functions. Statistics and Probability questions will make up 20% of the total, and Geometry questions will make up the final 20%. On the Praxis Core Reading test, all 56 questions are selected response, and the time limit is 85 minutes. Subject matter covered includes Key Ideas and Details, Integration of Knowledge and Ideas, and Craft, Structure and Language Skills, with each of these three areas having about a third of the questions.
The Praxis Core Writing exam has two parts. One hour of the test is devoted to writing two essays on assigned topics. The test taker will have 30 minutes to write each essay. The selected response portion of the exam has a 40 minute time limit. There are two kinds of questions in this section: 28-34 questions on Language and Research Skills for Writing, and 6-12 questions about Text Types, Purposes and Productions. All Praxis Core exams are taken on a computer, and are offered during testing windows each month of the year. Many colleges and universities offer the exams, and they can also be taken at Prometric testing centers nationwide.
In April 1917, the United States declared war on Germany. A considerable number of people were not certain that it was needed, and some were actually against it. The ones opposed were progressives, socialists, and regular nonmilitary people. Many who were against going to war were just regular people that didn’t want to be drafted or who were against the war due to religious reasons.
The Council of Defense worked at putting out propaganda. They put together a Committee of Patriotic Education who worked to dispense publications, arrange for speakers, and manage the corps of Arkansas Four Minute Men. The latter went around giving short speeches in theaters, schools and churches. The purpose of the speeches was to spin the war in a positive light by promoting war activities, such as war savings stamps campaign, liberty loan campaigns, and the Red Cross.
All over the United States there was national hysteria about the war. People became over-zealous with anti-German and anti-immigrant thoughts and actions. Here are some examples of the mob-mentality obsession:
• The majority of schools no longer allowed German for foreign language immigration.
• Sauerkraut’s new name was “liberty cabbage”
• German measles had a new name – “liberty measles”
• At the symphony, music composed by Germans was commonly not allowed.
• A lot of German-Americans could not keep or find jobs and were shunned by community members.
• South Dakota banned German as a language to be used on the phone.
The efforts at patriotism even went so far as to cause violence and “patriotic murder”. People who were opposed to the war or government were also targets, even if they were not German. People were afraid of insurrection and full of illogical hatred. The Espionage Act, Trading with the Enemy Act and Sedition Act are examples of the lengths people were going to in an effort to be patriotic.
The climate of the times had been created by the war and the propaganda being spread so thoroughly throughout the country. It was very hard for a true conscientious objector to find a way through the mire of mob-mentality. The country was in a patriotic frenzy, and innocent people lost their rights to freedom and free speech because of it.
1. Which of the following is not
an example of mob-mentality as listed in the passage?
A) re-naming the German measles
B) allowing German music at the symphony
C) German Americans being unable to find jobs
D) not allowing the German language on the phone
E) patriotic murder
2. Which of the following lists
people who were opposed to war?
A) progressives, socialists, and certain groups of religious people
B) progressives, socialists, and military
C) Council of Defense, South Dakota, mobs
D) mobs and schools
E) all people who were drafted
5. Which of the following are
A) 71° and 19°
B) 18° and 18°
C) 90° and 90°
D) 90° and 45°
E) 15° and 30°
6. A man decided to buy new
furniture from Futuristic Furniture for $2600. Futuristic Furniture
gave the man two choices: pay the entire amount in one payment with
cash, or pay $1000 as a down payment and $120 per month for two full
years in the financial plan. If the man chooses the financial plan, how
much more would he pay?
A) $1480 more
B) $1280 more
C) $1600 more
D) $2480 more
E) $3720 more
1. B: German music was NOT allowed. The question asks which of the statements was NOT an example. This is tricky wording. You have to read carefully to know that you are looking for the false statement. Answer choice E, patriotic murder, is not in the bulleted list in the passage, but it follows the list and is still in the passage as an example of mob-mentality patriotism.
2. A: While mob-mentality is
certainly a factor in the passage, “mobs” in general is not a noun that
describes a group of people opposed to war. Some people who were
drafted were against the war, but not ALL. The military was not listed
as a group who was opposed to war, rather “non-military people” were
more likely to be opposed.
3. B: Penchant with reading is an incorrect idiom. If you say it out loud, you will find that it does not sound right. It should be penchant for reading.
4. D: To be read correctly, it should say of finding. The word capable is the key here. If the sentence had said able to find, it would have been correct. But the adjective capable is generally followed by of.
5. A: Complementary angles are two angles that equal 90° when added together.
6. B: Multiply $120 by 24 months
(a full two years) to get $2880. Add the thousand dollars for the down
payment to get $3880. Find the difference between the entire amount all
at once ($2600) and the amount pain in the plan ($3800). To find the
difference, you subtract. The difference shows that $1280 more is paid
with the installment plan.